Synthetica

Description

Synthetica is an unconventional sans-serif typeface which fuses elements from geometry and calligraphy. Its lettershapes are built with straight lines and tense curves on top of a humanistic contrast model. The typeface’s weight range includes many discontinuous letter forms, with the light weights showing separated stencil-like strokes while the black weights have solid shapes with rectangular counters.

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  • wght weight
  • wdth width
  • slnt slant
OpenType features
  • ss01 cursive a
  • ss02 cursive g
  • ss03 cursive f
  • ss04 cursive l
  • ss05 cursive y
  • ss20 cursive forms

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A synthetic element is one of 24 chemical elements that do not occur naturally on Earth: they have been created by human manipulation of fundamental particles in a nuclear reactor, a particle accelerator, or the explosion of an atomic bomb; thus, they are called synthetic, artificial, or man-made. The synthetic elements are those with atomic numbers 95 to 118, as shown in purple on the accompanying periodic table: these 24 elements were first created between 1944 and 2010. The mechanism for the creation of a synthetic element is to force additional protons onto the nucleus of an element with an atomic number lower than 95. All synthetic elements are unstable, but they decay at a widely varying rate: their half-lives range from 15.6 million years to a few hundred microseconds. Seven other elements that were created artificially were later discovered to exist in nature in trace quantities. The first, technetium, was created in 1937. Plutonium, atomic number 94, first synthesized in 1940, is another such element. It is the element with the largest number of protons to occur in nature, but it does so in such tiny quantities that it is far more practical to synthesize it. Plutonium is extremely well-known due to its use in atomic bombs and nuclear reactors. No elements with an atomic number greater than 99 have any uses outside of scientific research, since they have extremely short half-lives, and thus have never been produced in large quantities. The first element discovered through synthesis was technetium, its discovery being definitely confirmed in 1937. This discovery filled a gap in the periodic table, and the fact that no stable isotopes of technetium exist explains its natural absence on Earth. With the longest-lived isotope of technetium, 97Tc, having a 4.21-million-year half-life, no technetium remains from the formation of the Earth. Only minute traces of technetium occur naturally in the Earth's crust but technetium is present naturally in red giant stars. The first discovered purely synthetic element was curium, synthesized in 1944 by Glenn T. Seaborg, Ralph A. James, and Albert Ghiorso by bombarding plutonium with alpha particles. The discoveries of americium, berkelium, and californium followed soon. Einsteinium and fermium were discovered by a team of scientists led by Albert Ghiorso in 1952 while studying the radioactive debris from the detonation of the first hydrogen bomb. The isotopes discovered were einsteinium-253, with a half-life of 20.5 days, and fermium-255, with a half-life of about 20 hours. The discoveries of mendelevium, nobelium, and lawrencium followed. During the height of the Cold War, teams from the Soviet Union and the United States independently discovered rutherfordium and dubnium. The naming and credit for discovery of these elements remained unresolved for many years, but eventually shared credit was recognized by IUPAC/IUPAP in 1992. In 1997, IUPAC decided to give dubnium its current name honoring the city of Dubna where the Russian team made their discoveries since American-chosen names had already been used for many existing synthetic elements, while the name rutherfordium was accepted for element 104. Meanwhile, the American team had discovered seaborgium, and the next six elements had been discovered by a German team: bohrium, hassium, meitnerium, darmstadtium, roentgenium, and copernicium. Element 113, nihonium, was discovered by a Japanese team; the last five known elements, flerovium, moscovium, livermorium, tennessine, and oganesson, were discovered by Russian–American collaborations and complete the seventh row of the periodic table. All elements with atomic numbers 1 through 94 occur naturally at least in trace quantities, but the following elements are often produced through synthesis. Technetium, promethium, astatine, neptunium, and plutonium were discovered through synthesis before being found in nature. Technetium is a chemical element with the symbol Tc and atomic number 43. It is the lightest element whose isotopes are all radioactive, none of which are stable other than the fully ionized state of 97Tc. Nearly all available technetium is produced as a synthetic element. Naturally occurring technetium is a spontaneous fission product in uranium ore and thorium ore, the most common source, or the product of neutron capture in molybdenum ores. The silvery gray, crystalline transition metal lies between manganese and rhenium in group 7 of the periodic table, and its chemical properties are intermediate between those of both adjacent elements. The most common naturally occurring isotope is 99Tc, in traces only. Many of technetium's properties had been predicted by Dmitri Mendeleev before it was discovered. Mendeleev noted a gap in his periodic table and gave the undiscovered element the provisional name ekamanganese (Em). In 1937, technetium (specifically the technetium-97 isotope) became the first predominantly artificial element to be produced, hence its name (from the Greek "Craft or Art", + -ium). One short-lived gamma ray-emitting nuclear isomer, technetium-99m, is used in nuclear medicine for a wide variety of tests, such as bone cancer diagnoses. The ground state of the nuclide technetium-99 is used as a gamma-ray-free source of beta particles. Long-lived technetium isotopes produced commercially are byproducts of the fission of uranium-235 in nuclear reactors and are extracted from nuclear fuel rods. Because no isotope of technetium has a half-life longer than 4.21 million years (technetium-97), the 1952 detection of technetium in red giants helped to prove that stars can produce heavier elements. From the 1860s through 1871, early forms of the periodic table proposed by Dmitri Mendeleev contained a gap between molybdenum (element 42) and ruthenium (element 44). In 1871, Mendeleev predicted this missing element would occupy the empty place below manganese and have similar chemical properties. Mendeleev gave it the provisional name ekamanganese (from eka-, the Sanskrit word for one) because the predicted element was one place down from the known element manganese. Many early researchers, both before and after the periodic table was published, were eager to be the first to discover and name the missing element. Its location in the table suggested that it should be easier to find than other undiscovered elements. German chemists Walter Noddack, Otto Berg, and Ida Tacke reported the discovery of element 75 and element 43 in 1925, and named element 43 masurium (after Masuria in eastern Prussia, now in Poland, the region where Walter Noddack's family originated). The group bombarded columbite with a beam of electrons and deduced element 43 was present by examining X-ray emission spectrograms.[9] The wavelength of the X-rays produced is related to the atomic number by a formula derived by Henry Moseley in 1913. The team claimed to detect a faint X-ray signal at a wavelength produced by element 43. Later experimenters could not replicate the discovery, and it was dismissed as an error for many years. Still, in 1933, a series of articles on the discovery of elements quoted the name masurium for element 43. Whether the 1925 team actually discovered element 43 is still debated. The discovery of element 43 was finally confirmed in a 1937 experiment at the University of Palermo in Sicily by Carlo Perrier and Emilio Segrè. In mid-1936, Segrè visited the United States, first Columbia University in New York and then the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California. He persuaded cyclotron inventor Ernest Lawrence to let him take back some discarded cyclotron parts that had become radioactive. Lawrence mailed him a molybdenum foil that had been part of the deflector in the cyclotron. Segrè enlisted his colleague Perrier to attempt to prove, through comparative chemistry, that the molybdenum activity was indeed from an element with the atomic number 43. In 1937, they succeeded in isolating the isotopes technetium-95m and technetium-97. University of Palermo officials wanted them to name their discovery "panormium", after the Latin name for Palermo, Panormus. In 1947 element 43 was named after the Greek word meaning "artificial", since it was the first element to be artificially produced. Segrè returned to Berkeley and met Glenn T. Seaborg. They isolated the metastable isotope technetium-99m, which is now used in some ten million medical diagnostic procedures annually. In 1952, the astronomer Paul W. Merrill in California detected the spectral signature of technetium (specifically wavelengths of 403.1 nm, 423.8 nm, 426.2 nm, and 429.7 nm) in light from S-type red giants. The stars were near the end of their lives but were rich in the short-lived element, which indicated that it was being produced in the stars by nuclear reactions. That evidence bolstered the hypothesis that heavier elements are the product of nucleosynthesis in stars. More recently, such observations provided evidence that elements are formed by neutron capture in the s-process. Since that discovery, there have been many searches in terrestrial materials for natural sources of technetium. In 1962, technetium-99 was isolated and identified in pitchblende from the Belgian Congo in extremely small quantities (about 0.2 ng/kg), where it originates as a spontaneous fission product of uranium-238. The Oklo natural nuclear fission reactor contains evidence that significant amounts of technetium-99 were produced and have since decayed into ruthenium-99.
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Albanian: Mbasi njohja e dinjitetit të lindur të të drejtave të barabarta dhe të patjetërsueshme të të gjithë anëtarëve të familjes njerëzore është themeli i lirisë, drejtësisë dhe paqes në botë; mbasi mosrespektimi dhe përbuzja e të drejtave të njeriut ka cuar drejt akteve barbare, të cilat kanë ofenduar ndërgjegjen e njerëzimit, dhe mbasi krijimi i botës në të cilën njerëzit do të gëzojnë lirinë e fjalës, të besimit dhe lirinë nga frika e skamja është proklamuar si dëshira më e lartë e cdo njeriu; mbasi është e nevojshme që të drejtat e njeriut të mbrohen me dispozita juridike, kështu që njeriu të mos jetë i shtrënguar që në pikën e fundit t’i përvishet kryengritjes kundër tiranisë dhe shtypjes; mbasi është e nevojshme që të nxitet zhvillimi i marrëdhënieve miqësore midis kombeve; mbasi popujt e Kombeve të Bashkuara vërtetuan përsëri në Kartë besimin e tyre në të drejtat themelore të njeriut, në dinjitetin dhe vlerën e personit të njeriut dhe barazinë midis burrave dhe grave dhe mbasi vendosën që të nxitin përparimin shoqëror dhe të përmirësojnë nivelin e jetës në liri të plotë; mbasi shtetet anëtare u detyruan që, në bashkëpunim me Kombet

Dutch: Overwegende, dat erkenning van de inherente waardigheid en van de gelijke en onvervreemdbare rechten van alle leden van de mensengemeenschap grondslag is voor de vrijheid, gerechtigheid en vrede in de wereld; overwegende, dat terzijdestelling van en minachting voor de rechten van de mens geleid hebben tot barbaarse handelingen, die het geweten van de mensheid geweld hebben aangedaan en dat de komst van een wereld, waarin de mensen vrijheid van meningsuiting en geloof zullen genieten, en vrij zullen zijn van vrees en gebrek, is verkondigd als het hoogste ideaal van iedere mens; overwegende, dat het van het grootste belang is, dat de rechten van de mens beschermd worden door de suprematie van het recht, opdat de mens niet gedwongen worde om in laatste instantie zijn toevlucht te nemen tot opstand tegen tyrannie en onderdrukking; overwegende, dat het van het grootste belang is om de ontwikkeling van vriendschappelijke betrekkingen tussen de naties te bevorderen; overwegende, dat de volkeren van de Verenigde Naties in het Handvest hun vertrouwen in de fundamentele rechten van de

Estonian: Pidades silmas, et inimkonna kõigi liikmete väärikuse, nende võrdsuse ning võõrandamatute õiguste tunnustamine on vabaduse, õigluse ja üldise rahu alus; ja pidades silmas, et inimõiguste põlastamine ja hülgamine on viinud barbaarsusteni, mis piinavad inimkonna südametunnistust, ja et sellise maailma loomine, kus inimestel on veendumuste ja sõnavabadus ning kus nad ei tarvitse tunda hirmu ega puudust, on inimeste üllaks püüdluseks kuulutatud; ja pidades silmas vajadust, et inimõigusi kaitseks seaduse võim selleks, et inimene ei oleks sunnitud viimase abinõuna üles tõusma türannia ja rõhumise vastu; ja pidades silmas, et on vaja kaasa aidata sõbralike suhete arendamisele rahvaste vahel ja; pidades silmas,et ühinenud rahvaste perre kuuluvad rahavad on põhikirjas kinnitanud oma usku inimese põhiõigustesse, inimisiksuse väärikusse ja väärtusse ning meeste ja naiste võrdõiguslikkusesse ning on otsustanud kaasa aidata sotsiaalsele progressile ja elutingimuste parandamisele suurema vabaduse juures; ja pidades silmas,et liikmesriigid on kohustatud koostöös Ühinenud Rahvaste

Finnish: Kun ihmiskunnan kaikkien jäsenten luonnollisen arvon ja heidän yhtäläisten ja luovuttamattomien oikeuksiensa tunnustaminen on vapauden, oikeudenmukaisuuden ja rauhan perustana maailmassa, kun ihmisoikeuksia on väheksytty tai ne on jätetty huomiota vaille, on tapahtunut raakalaistekoja, jotka ovat järkyttäneet ihmiskunnan omaatuntoa, ja kun kansojen korkeimmaksi päämääräksi on julistettu sellaisen maailman luominen, missä ihmiset voivat vapaasti nauttia sanan ja uskon vapautta sekä elää vapaina pelosta ja puutteesta, kun on välttämätöntä, että ihmisoikeudet turvataan oikeusjärjestyksellä, jotta ihmisten ei olisi pakko viimeisenä keinona nousta kapinaan pakkovaltaa ja sortoa vastaan, kun on tähdellistä edistää ystävällisten suhteiden kehittymistä kansojen välille, kun Yhdistyneiden Kansakuntien kansat ovat peruskirjassa vahvistaneet uskonsa ihmisten perusoikeuksiin, ihmisyksilön arvoon ja merkitykseen sekä miesten ja naisten yhtäläisiin oikeuksiin ja kun ne ovat ilmaisseet vakaan tahtonsa edistää sosiaalista kehitystä ja parempien elämisen ehtojen aikaansaamista vapaammissa oloissa

French: Considérant que la reconnaissance de la dignité inhérente à tous les membres de la famille humaine et de leurs droits égaux et inaliénables constitue le fondement de la liberté, de la justice et de la paix dans le monde, considérant que la méconnaissance et le mépris des droits de l’homme ont conduit à des actes de barbarie qui révoltent la conscience de l’humanité et que l’avènement d’un monde où les êtres humains seront libres de parler et de croire, libérés de la terreur et de la misère, a été proclamé comme la plus haute aspiration de l’homme, considérant qu’il est essentiel que les droits de l’homme soient protégés par un régime de droit pour que l’homme ne soit pas contraint, en suprême recours, à la révolte contre la tyrannie et l’oppression, considérant qu’il est essentiel d’encourager le développement de relations amicales entre nations, considérant que dans la charte les peuples des Nations Unies ont proclamé à nouveau leur foi dans les droits fondamentaux de l’homme, dans la dignité et la valeur de la personne humaine, dans l’égalité des droits des hommes et des femmes, et qu’ils se sont déclarés résolus à favoriser le progrès social

German: Da die Anerkennung der angeborenen Würde und der gleichen und unveräußerlichen Rechte aller Mitglieder der Gemeinschaft der Menschen die Grundlage von Freiheit, Gerechtigkeit und Frieden in der Welt bildet, da die Nichtanerkennung und Verachtung der Menschenrechte zu Akten der Barbarei geführt haben, die das Gewissen der Menschheit mit Empörung erfüllen, und da verkündet worden ist, daß einer Welt, in der die Menschen Rede- und Glaubensfreiheit und Freiheit von Furcht und Not genießen, das höchste Streben des Menschen gilt, da es notwendig ist, die Menschenrechte durch die Herrschaft des Rechtes zu schützen, damit der Mensch nicht gezwungen wird, als letztes Mittel zum Aufstand gegen Tyrannei und Unterdrückung zu greifen, da es notwendig ist, die Entwicklung freundschaftlicher Beziehungen zwischen den Nationen zu fördern, da die Völker der Vereinten Nationen in der Charta ihren Glauben an die grundlegenden Menschenrechte, an die Würde und den Wert der menschlichen Person und an die Gleichberechtigung von Mann und Frau erneut bekräftigt und beschlossen haben, den sozialen

Hungarian: Tekintettel arra, hogy az emberiség családja minden egyes tagja méltóságának, valamint egyenlő és elidegeníthetetlen jogainak elismerése alkotja a szabadság, az igazság és a béke alapját a világon, tekintettel arra, hogy az emberi jogok el nem ismerése és semmibevevése az emberiség lelkiismeretét fellázító barbár cselekményekhez vezetett, és hogy az ember legfőbb vágya egy olyan világ eljövetele, amelyben az elnyomástól, valamint a nyomortól megszabadult emberi lények szava és meggyőződése szabad lesz, tekintettel annak fontosságára, hogy az emberi jogokat a jog uralma védelmezze, nehogy az ember végső szükségében a zsarnokság és az elnyomás elleni lázadásra kényszerüljön, tekintettel arra, hogy igen lényeges a nemzetek közötti baráti kapcsolatok kifejeződésének előmozdítása, tekintettel arra, hogy az Alapokmányban az Egyesült Nemzetek népei újból hitet tettek az alapvető emberi jogok, az emberi személyiség méltósága és értéke, a férfiak és nők egyenjogúsága mellett, valamint kinyilvánították azt az elhatározásukat, hogy elősegítik a szociális haladást és nagyobb szabadság mellett

Icelandic: Það ber að viðurkenna, að hver maður sé jafnborinn til virðingar og réttinda, er eigi verði af honum tekin, og er þetta undirstaða frelsis, réttlætis og friðar i heiminum. Hafi mannréttindi verið fyrir borð borin og lítilsvirt, hefur slíkt haft í för með sér siðlausar athafnir, er ofboðið hafa samvizku mannkynsins, enda hefur því verið yfir lýst, að æðsta markmið almennings um heim allan sé að skapa veröld, þar sem menn fái notið málfrelsis, trúfrelsis og óttaleysis um einkalíf afkomu. Mannréttindi á að vernda með lögum. Að öðrum kosti hljóta menn að grípa til þess örþrifaráðs að rísa upp gegn kúgun og ofbeldi. Það er mikilsvert að efla vinsamleg samskipti þjóða í milli. Í stofnskrá sinni hafa Sameinuðu þjóðdirnar lýst yfir trú sinni á grundvallaratriði mannréttinda, á göfgi og gildi mannsins og jafnrétti karla og kvernna, enda munu þær beita sér fyrir félagslegum framförum og betri lífsafkomu með auknu frelsi manna. Aðildarríkin hafa bundizt samtökum um að efla almenna virðingu fyrir og gæzlu hinna mikilsverðustu mannréttinda í samráði við Sameinuðu þjóðirnar. Til þess að slík samtök megi sem

Irish: De Bhrí gurb é aithint dínte dúchais agus chearta comhionanna do-shannta an uile dhuine den chine daonna is foras don tsaorise, don cheartas agus don tsíocháin sa domhan, de Bhrí gur thionscain a neamhaird agus an mí-mheas ar chearta an duine gníomhartha barbartha a chuir uafás ar choinsias an chine daonna, agus go bhfuil forógartha gurb é meanmarc is uaisle ag an gcoitiantacht saol a thabhairt i réim a bhéarfas don duine saoirse chainte agus chreidimh agus saoirse ó eagla agus ó amhgar, de Bhrí go ndearna pobail na Náisiúin Aontaithe sa Chairt dearbhú athuair ar a gcreideamh i gcearta bunúsacha an duine, i ndínit agus i bhfiúntas pearsan an duine agus i gcearta comhionanna fear agus bean, agus gur chinneadar tacú leis an ascnamh sóisalach agus réim maireachtana níos fearr a thabhairt i gcrích faoi shaoirse níos fairsinge, de Bhrí gur ghabhadar na Stát-Chomhaltaí faoi chuing ghealltanais go ndéanfaid, i gcomhar leis na Náisiúin Aontaithe, urraim uile-choiteann éifeachtach d’áirithiú do chearta agus do shaoirsí bunúsacha an duine. De Bhrí go bhfuil sé fíor-thábhachtach, chun an

Italian: Considerato che il riconoscimento della dignità inerente a tutti i membri della famiglia umana e dei loro diritti, uguali ed inalienabili, costituisce il fondamento della libertà, della giustizia e della pace nel mondo; considerato che il disconoscimento e il disprezzo dei diritti umani hanno portato ad atti di barbarie che offendono la coscienza dell’umanità, e che l’avvento di un mondo in cui gli esseri umani godano della libertà di parola e di credo e della libertà dal timore e dal bisogno è stato proclamato come la più alta aspirazione dell’uomo; considerato che è indispensabile che i diritti umani siano protetti da norme giuridiche, se si vuole evitare che l’uomo sia costretto a ricorrere, come ultima istanza, alla ribellione contro la tirannia e l’oppressione; considerato che è indispensabile promuovere lo sviluppo di rapporti amichevoli tra le Nazioni; considerato che i popoli delle Nazioni Unite hanno riaffermato nello Statuto la loro fede nei diritti umani fondamentali, nella dignità e nel valore della persona umana, nell’uguaglianza dei diritti dell’uomo e della donna, ed hanno deciso di promuovere il progresso sociale e un miglior tenore di vita in

Lithuanian: Kadangi visų žmonių giminės narių prigimtinio orumo ir lygių bei neatimamų teisių pripažinimas yra laisvės, teisingumo ir taikos pasaulyje pagrindas; kadangi žmogaus teisių nepaisymas ir niekinimas pastūmėjo vykdyti barbariškus aktus, kurie papiktino žmonijos sąžinę, ir didžiausiu paprastų žmonių siekiu buvo paskelbtas pasaulio, kuriame žmonės turi žodžio bei įsitikinimų laisvę ir yra išlaisvinti iš baimės ir skurdo, sukūrimas; kadangi būtina, kad žmogaus teises saugotų įstatymo galia, idant žmogus nebūtų priverstas, nerasdamas jokios kitos išeities, sukilti prieš tironiją ir priespaudą; kadangi būtina skatinti draugiškų tautų santykių plėtrą; kadangi Jungtinių Tautų Chartijoje tautos vėl patvirtino savo tikėjimą pagrindinėmis žmogaus teisėmis, žmogaus, kaip asmenybės, orumu ir vertybe, lygiomis moterų ir vyrų teisėmis ir pasiryžo skatinti socialinę pažangą bei geresnio gyvenimo didesnės laisvės sąlygomis siekį; kadangi valstybės narės yra įsipareigojusios bendradarbiaudamos su Jungtinėmis Tautomis siekti, kad būtų skatinama visuotinė pagarba žmogaus teisėms ir pagrindinėms laisvėms ir jų būtų paisoma; kadangi bendras šių teisių ir laisvių supratimas yra nepaprastai svarbus.

Norwegian: Da anerkjennelsen av menneskeverd og like og umistelige rettigheter for alle medlemmer av menneskeslekten er grunnlaget for frihet, rettferdighet og fred i verden, da tilsidesettelse av og forakt for menneskerettighetene har ført til barbariske handlinger som har rystet menneskehetens samvittighet, og da framveksten av en verden hvor menneskene har tale- og trosfrihet og frihet fra frykt og nød, er blitt kunngjort som folkenes høyeste mål, da det er nødvendig at menneskerettighetene blir beskyttet av loven for at menneskene ikke skal tvinges til som siste utvei å gjøre opprør mot tyranni og undertrykkelse, da det er viktig å fremme utviklingen av vennskapelige forhold mellom nasjonene, da De Forente Nasjoners folk i Pakten på ny har bekreftet sin tro på grunnleggende menneskerettigheter, på menneskeverd og på like rett for menn og kvinner og har besluttet å arbeide for sosialt framskritt og bedre levevilkår under større Frihet, da medlemsstatene har forpliktet seg til i samarbeid med De Forente Nasjoner å sikre at menneskerettighetene og de grunnleggende friheter blir alminnelig respektert og overholdt, da en allmenn

Polish: Zważywszy, że uznanie przyrodzonej godności oraz równych i niezbywalnych praw wszystkich członków wspólnoty ludzkiej jest podstawą wolności, sprawiedliwości i pokoju świata, zważywszy, że nieposzanowanie i nieprzestrzeganie praw człowieka doprowadziło do aktów barbarzyństwa, które wstrząsnęły sumieniem ludzkości, i że ogłoszono uroczyście jako najwznioślejszy cel ludzkości dążenie do zbudowania takiego świata, w którym ludzie korzystać będą z wolności słowa i przekonań oraz z wolności od strachu i nędzy, zważywszy, że konieczne jest zawarowanie praw człowieka przepisami prawa, aby nie musiał—doprowadzony do ostateczności—uciekać się do buntu przeciw tyranii i uciskowi, zważywszy, że konieczne jest popieranie rozwoju przyjaznych stosunków między narodami, zważywszy, że Narody Zjednoczone przywróciły swą wiarę w podstawowe prawa człowieka, godność i wartość jednostki oraz w równouprawnienie mężczyzn i kobiet, oraz wyraziły swe zdecydowanie popierania postępu społecznego i poprawy warunków życia w większej wolności, zważywszy, że Państwa Członkowskie

Portuguese: Considerando que o reconhecimento da dignidade inerente a todos os membros da família humana e dos seus direitos iguais e inalienáveis constitui o fundamento da liberdade, da justiça e da paz no mundo; considerando que o desconhecimento e o desprezo dos direitos do Homen conduziram a actos de barbárie que revoltam a consciência daHumanidade e que o advento de um mundo em que os seres humanos sejam livres de falar e de crer, libertos do terror e da miséria, foi proclamado como a mais alta inspiração do Homem; considerando que é essencial a proteção dos direitos do Homem através de um regime de direito, para que o Homem não seja compelido, em supremo recurso, à revolta contra a tirania e a opressão; considerando que é essencial encorajar o desenvolvimento de relações amistosas entre as nações; considerando que, na Carta, os povos das Nações Unidas proclamam, de novo, a sua fé nos direitos fundamentais do Homem, na dignidade e no valor da pessoa humana, na igualdade de direitos dos homens e das mulheres e se declaram resolvidos a favorecer o progresso social e a instaurar melhores condições

Romanian: Considerînd că recunoașterea demnității inerente tuturor membrilor familiei umane și a drepturilor lor egale și inalienabile constituie fundamentul libertății, dreptății și păcii în lume, considerînd că ignorarea și disprețuirea drepturilor omului au dus la acte de barbarie care revoltă conștiința omenirii și că făurirea unei lumi în care ființele umane se vor bucura de libertatea cuvîntului și a convingerilor și vor fi eliberate de teamă și mizerie a fost proclamată drept cea mai înaltă aspirație a oamenilor, considerînd că este esențial ca drepturile omului să fie ocrotite de autoritatea legii pentru ca omul să nu fie silit să recurgă, ca soluție extremă, la revoltă împotriva tiraniei și asupririi, considerînd că este esențial a se încuraja dezvoltarea relațiilor prietenești între națiuni, considerînd că în Cartă popoarele Organizației Națiunilor Unite au proclamat din nou credința lor în drepturile fundamentale ale omului, în demnitatea și în valoarea persoanei umane, drepturi egale pentru bărbați și femei și că au hotărît să favorizeze progresul social și îmbunătățirea condițiilor de viață în cadrul unei libertăți mai mari, considerînd că statele membre s-au

Slovakian: Vo vedomí že uznanie prirodzenej dôstojnosti a rovnych a neodcudzite ľných práv členov ľudskej rodiny je základom slobody, spravodlivosti a mieru na svete, že zneuznanie ľudských práv a pohrdanie nimi viedlo k barbarským činom, ktoré urážajú svedomie ľudstva, a že vybudovanie sveta, v ktorom ľudia, zbavení strachu a núdze, budú sa tešiť slobode prejavu a presvedčenia, bolo vyhlásené za najvyšší cieľ ľudu, že je nutné, aby sa ľudsk práva chránily zákonom, ak nemá byť človek donúteý uchýliť sa, keď všetko ostatné zlyhalo, k odboju proti tyranii a útlaku, že je nutné podporovať rozvoj priateľských vzťahov medzi národmi, že ľud Spojených národov zdoraznil v Charte znovu svoju vieru v základné ľudské práva, v dostojnosť a hodnotu ľudskej osobnosti, v rovnaké práva mužov a žien a že sa rozhodol podporovať sociálny pokrok a vytvoriť lepšie životné podmienky za vačšej slobody, že členské štáty prevzaly závazok zaistiť v spolupráci s Organizáciou Spojeých národov všeobecné uznávanie a zachovávanie ľudských práv a základýých slobod a že rovnaké chápanie týchto práv a slobod má nesmierny význam pre dokonalé

Spanish: Considerando que la libertad, la justicia y la paz en el mundo tienen por base el reconocimiento de la dignidad intrínseca y de los derechos iguales e inalienables de todos los miembros de la familia humana, Considerando que el desconocimiento y el menosprecio de los derechos humanos han originado actos de barbarie ultrajantes para la conciencia de la humanidad; y que se ha proclamado, como la aspiración más elevada del hombre, el advenimiento de un mundo en que los seres humanos, liberados del temor y de la miseria, disfruten de la libertad de palabra y de la libertad de creencias, Considerando esencial que los derechos humanos sean protegidos por un régimen de Derecho, a fin de que el hombre no se vea compelido al supremo recurso de la rebelión contra la tiranía y la opresión, Considerando también esencial promover el desarrollo de relaciones amistosas entre las naciones, Considerando que los pueblos de las Naciones Unidas han reafirmado en la Carta su fe en los derechos fundamentales del hombre, en la dignidad y el valor de la persona humana y en la igualdad de derechos de hombres y mujeres; y se han

Swedish: Enär erkännandet av det inneboende värdet hos alla medlemmar av människosläktet och av deras lika och oförytterliga rättigheter är grundvalen för frihet, rättvisa och fred i världen, enär ringaktning och förakt för de mänskliga rättigheterna lett till barbariska gärningar, som upprört mänsklighetens samvete, och enär skapandet av en värld, där människorna åtnjuta yttrandefrihet, trosfrihet samt frihet från fruktan och nöd, kungjorts som folkens högsta strävan, enär det är väsentligt för att icke människan skall tvingas att som en sista utväg tillgripa uppror mot tyranni och förtryck, att de mänskliga rättigheterna skyddas genom lagens överhöghet, enär det är väsentligt att främja utvecklandet av vänskapliga förbindelser mellan nationerna, enär Förenta Nationernas folk i stadgan ånyo uttryckt sin tro på de grundläggande mänskliga rättigheterna, den enskilda människans värdighet och värde samt männens och kvinnornas lika rättigheter, ävensom beslutat främja socialt framåtskridande och bättre levnadsvillkor under större frihet,

Turkish: İnsanlık ailesinin bütün üyelerinde bulunan haysiyetin ve bunların eşit ve devir kabul etmez haklarının tanınması hususunun, hürriyetin, adaletin ve dünya barışının temeli olmasına, ınsan haklarının tanınmaması ve hor görülmesinin insanlık vicdanını isyana sevkeden vahşiliklere sebep olmuş bulunmasına, dehşetten ve yoksulluktan kurtulmuş insanların, içinde söz ve inanma hürriyetlerine sahip olacakları bir dünyanın kurulması en yüksek amaçları oralak ilan edilmiş bulunmasına, ınsanin zulüm ve baskıya karşı son çare olarak ayaklanmaya mecbur kalmaması için insan haklarının bir hukuk rejimi ile korunmasının esaslı bir zaruret olmasına, uluslararasında dostça ilişkiler geliştirilmesini teşvik etmenin esaslı bir zaruret olmasına, birleşmiş Milletler halklarının, Antlaşmada, insanın ana haklarına, insan şahsının haysiyet ve değerine, erkek ve kadınların eşitliğine olan imanlarını bir kere daha ilan etmiş olmalarına ve sosyal ilerlemeyi kolaylaştırmaya, daha geniş bir hürriyet içerisinde daha iyi hayat şartları kurmaya karar verdiklerini beyan etmiş bulunmalarına, üye devletlerin, birleşmiş Milletler Teşkilatı ile işbirliği ederek insan

Welsh: Gan mai cydnabod urddas cynhenid a hawliau cydradd a phriod holl aelodau’r teulu dynol yw sylfaen rhyddid, cyfiawnder a heddwch yn y byd, gan i anwybyddu a dirmygu hawliau dynol arwain at weithredoedd barbaraidd a dreisiodd gydwybod dynolryw, a bod dyfodiad byd lle y gall pob unigolyn fwynhau rhyddid i siarad a chredu a rhyddid rhag ofn ac angau wedi ei gyhoeddi yn ddyhead uchaf y bobl gyffredin, gan fod yn rhaid amddiffyn hawliau dynol a rheolaeth cyfraith, os nad yw pob unigolyn dan orfod yn y pendraw i wrthryfela yn erbyn gormes a thrais, gan fod yn rhaid hyrwyddo cysylltiadau cyfeillgar rhwng Cenhedloedd, gan fod pobloedd y Cenhedloedd Unedig yn y Siarter wedi ail ddatgan ffydd mewn hawliau sylfaenol yr unigolyn, mewn urddas a gwerth y person dynol ac mewn hawliau cydradd gŵr a gwragedd, ac wedi penderfynu hyrwyddo cynnydd cymdeithasol a safonau byw gwell mewn rhyddid helaethach, gan fod y Gwladwriaethau sy’n Aelodau wedi ymrwymo, mewn cydweithrediad â’r Cenhedloedd Unedig, i sicrhau hyrwyddo parch cyffredinol i hawliau dynol a’r rhyddfreintiau sylfaenol,

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