Jornalistica Italic

Description

Jornalistica Italic is the italic counterpart of Jornalistica Roman, a serif typeface for reading long-form text. The italic follows the same general shape treatment of the roman, on a cursive construction. The family offers the same variation axes, with an extra axis for adjusting the slant angle. Jornalistica Italic can be used both as a secondary typeface for emphasis and quotes, and as a standalone text typeface. A sans-serif version is also available.

Variation axes
  • wght weight
  • wdth width
  • CNTR contrast
  • EXTD extenders
  • slnt slant

Variable

In typography, italic type is a cursive font based on a stylised form of calligraphic handwriting. Owing to the influence from calligraphy, italics normally slant slightly to the right. Italics are a way to emphasise key points in a printed text, to identify many types of creative works, to cite foreign words or phrases, or, when quoting a speaker, a way to show which words they stressed. One manual of English usage described italics as “the print equivalent of underlining”; in other words, underscore in a manuscript directs a typesetter to use italic. The name comes from the fact that calligraphy-inspired typefaces were first designed in Italy, to replace documents traditionally written in a handwriting style called chancery hand. Aldus Manutius and Ludovico Arrighi, both between the 15th and 16th centuries, were the main type designers involved in this process at the time. Along with blackletter and Roman type, it served as one of the major typefaces in the history of Western typography. Different glyph shapes from Roman type are usually used – another influence from calligraphy – and upper-case letters may have swashes, flourishes inspired by ornate calligraphy. An alternative is oblique type, in which the type is slanted but the letterforms do not change shape: this less elaborate approach is used by many sans-serif typefaces. Italic type was first used by Aldus Manutius and his press in Venice in 1500. Manutius intended his italic type to be used not for emphasis but for the text of small, easily carried editions of popular books (often poetry), replicating the style of handwritten manuscripts of the period. The choice of using italic type, rather than the roman type in general use at the time, was apparently made to suggest informality in editions designed for leisure reading. Manutius' italic type was cut by his punchcutter Francesco Griffo, who later, following a dispute with Manutius, claimed to have conceived it. It replicated handwriting of the period following from the style of Niccolò de' Niccoli, possibly even Manutius' own. The first use in a complete volume was a 1501 edition of Virgil dedicated to Italy, although it had been briefly used in the frontispiece of a 1500 edition of Catherine of Siena's letters. Manutius' italic was different in some ways from modern italics, being conceived for the specific use of replicating the layout of contemporary calligraphers like Pomponio Leto and Bartolomeo Sanvito. The capital letters were upright capitals on the model of Roman square capitals, shorter than the ascending lower-case italic letters, and were used at the start of each line followed by a clear space before the first lower-case letter. While modern italics are often more condensed than roman types, historian Harry Carter describes Manutius' italic as about the same width as roman type. To replicate handwriting, Griffo cut at least sixty-five ligatures in the Aldine Dante and Virgil of 1501. Italic typefaces of the following century used varying but reduced numbers of ligatures. Italic type rapidly became very popular and was widely and inaccurately imitated. The Venetian Senate gave Aldus exclusive right to its use, a patent confirmed by three successive Popes, but it was widely counterfeited as early as 1502. Griffo, who had left Venice in a business dispute, cut a version for printer Girolamo Soncino, and other copies appeared in Italy and in Lyons. The Italians called the character Aldino, while others called it Italic. Italics spread rapidly; historian Vervliet dates the first production of italics in Paris to 1512. Some printers of Northern Europe used home-made supplements to add characters not used in Italian, or mated it to alternative capitals, including Gothic ones. Besides imitations of Griffo's italic and its derivatives, a second wave appeared of "chancery" italics, most popular in Italy, which Vervliet describes as being based on "a more deliberate and formal handwriting with longer ascenders and descenders, sometimes with curved or bulbous terminals, and often only available in the bigger sizes." Chancery italics were introduced around 1524 by Arrighi, a calligrapher and author of a calligraphy textbook who began a career as a printer in Rome, and also by Giovanni Antonio Tagliente of Venice, with imitations rapidly appearing in France by 1528. Chancery italics faded as a style over the course of the sixteenth century, although revivals were made beginning in the twentieth century. Chancery italics may have backward-pointing serifs or round terminals pointing forwards on the ascenders. Italic capitals with a slope were introduced in the sixteenth century. The first printer known to have used them was Johann or Johannes Singriener in Vienna in 1524, and the practice spread to Germany, France and Belgium. Particularly influential in the switch to sloped capitals as a general practice was Robert Granjon, a prolific and extremely precise French punchcutter particularly renowned for his skill in cutting italics. Vervliet comments that among punchcutters in France "the main name associated with the change is Granjon's." The evolution of use of italic to show emphasis happened in the sixteenth century and was a clear norm by the seventeenth. The trend of presenting types as matching in typefounders' specimens developed also over this period. Italics developed stylistically over the following centuries, tracking changing tastes in calligraphy and type design. One major development that slowly became popular from the end of the seventeenth century was a switch to an open form h matching the n, a development seen in the Romain du roi type of the 1690s, replacing the folded, closed-form h of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century italics, and sometimes simplification of the entrance stroke. Oblique type – or slanted roman, sloped roman – is type that is slanted, but lacking cursive letterforms, with features like a non-descending f and double-storey a, unlike "true italics". Many sans-serif typefaces use oblique designs instead of italic ones; some have both italic and oblique variants. Type designers have described oblique type as less organic and calligraphic than italics, which in some situations may be preferred. Contemporary type designer Jeremy Tankard stated that he had avoided a true italic 'a' and 'e' in his sans-serif Bliss due to finding them "too soft", while Hoefler and Frere-Jones have described obliques as more "keen and insistent" than true italics. Adrian Frutiger has described obliques as more appropriate to the aesthetic of sans-serifs than italics. In contrast, Martin Majoor has argued that obliques do not contrast enough from the regular style. Almost all modern serif fonts have true italic designs. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, a number of type foundries such as American Type Founders and Genzsch & Heyse offered serif typefaces with oblique rather than italic designs, especially display typefaces, but these designs have mostly disappeared. An exception is American Type Founders' Bookman, offered in some releases with the oblique of its metal type version. An unusual example of an oblique font from the inter-war period is the display face Koch Antiqua. With a partly-oblique lower case, it also makes the italic capitals inline in the style of blackletter capitals in the larger sizes of the metal type. It was developed by Rudolph Koch, a type designer who had previously specialised in blackletter font design (which does not use italics); Walter Tracy described his design as "uninhibited by the traditions of roman and italic". The printing historian and artistic director Stanley Morison was for a time in the inter-war period interested in the oblique type style, which he felt stood out in text less than a true italic and should supersede it. He argued in his article Towards an Ideal Italic that serif book typefaces should have as the default sloped form an oblique and as a complement a script typeface where a more decorative form was preferred. He made an attempt to promote the idea by commissioning the typeface Perpetua from Eric Gill with a sloped roman rather than an italic, but came to find the style unattractive; Perpetua's italic when finally issued had the conventional italic 'a', 'e' and 'f'. Morison wrote to his friend, type designer Jan van Krimpen, that in developing Perpetua's italic "we did not give enough slope to it. When we added more slope, it seemed that the font required a little more cursive to it." A few other type designers replicated his approach for a time: van Krimpen's Romulus and William Addison Dwiggins' Electra were both released with obliques. Morison's Times New Roman typeface has a very traditional true italic in the style of the late eighteenth century, which he later wryly commented owed "more to Didot than dogma". Some serif designs primarily intended for headings rather than body text are not provided with an italic, Engravers and some releases of Cooper Black and Baskerville Old Style being common examples of this. In addition, computer programmes may generate an 'italic' style by simply slanting the regular style if they cannot find an italic or oblique style, though this may look awkward with serif fonts for which an italic is expected. Professional designers normally do not simply tilt fonts to generate obliques but make subtle corrections to correct the distorted curves this introduces. Many sans-serif families have oblique fonts labelled as italic, whether or not they include "true italic" characteristics.
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Albanian: Mbasi njohja e dinjitetit të lindur të të drejtave të barabarta dhe të patjetërsueshme të të gjithë anëtarëve të familjes njerëzore është themeli i lirisë, drejtësisë dhe paqes në botë; mbasi mosrespektimi dhe përbuzja e të drejtave të njeriut ka cuar drejt akteve barbare, të cilat kanë ofenduar ndërgjegjen e njerëzimit, dhe mbasi krijimi i botës në të cilën njerëzit do të gëzojnë lirinë e fjalës, të besimit dhe lirinë nga frika e skamja është proklamuar si dëshira më e lartë e cdo njeriu; mbasi është e nevojshme që të drejtat e njeriut të mbrohen me dispozita juridike, kështu që njeriu të mos jetë i shtrënguar që në pikën e fundit t’i përvishet kryengritjes kundër tiranisë dhe shtypjes; mbasi është e nevojshme që të nxitet zhvillimi i marrëdhënieve miqësore midis kombeve; mbasi popujt e Kombeve të Bashkuara vërtetuan përsëri në Kartë besimin e tyre në të drejtat themelore të njeriut, në dinjitetin dhe vlerën e personit të njeriut dhe barazinë midis burrave dhe grave dhe mbasi vendosën që të nxitin përparimin shoqëror dhe të përmirësojnë nivelin e jetës në liri të plotë; mbasi shtetet anëtare u detyruan që, në bashkëpunim me Kombet

Dutch: Overwegende, dat erkenning van de inherente waardigheid en van de gelijke en onvervreemdbare rechten van alle leden van de mensengemeenschap grondslag is voor de vrijheid, gerechtigheid en vrede in de wereld; overwegende, dat terzijdestelling van en minachting voor de rechten van de mens geleid hebben tot barbaarse handelingen, die het geweten van de mensheid geweld hebben aangedaan en dat de komst van een wereld, waarin de mensen vrijheid van meningsuiting en geloof zullen genieten, en vrij zullen zijn van vrees en gebrek, is verkondigd als het hoogste ideaal van iedere mens; overwegende, dat het van het grootste belang is, dat de rechten van de mens beschermd worden door de suprematie van het recht, opdat de mens niet gedwongen worde om in laatste instantie zijn toevlucht te nemen tot opstand tegen tyrannie en onderdrukking; overwegende, dat het van het grootste belang is om de ontwikkeling van vriendschappelijke betrekkingen tussen de naties te bevorderen; overwegende, dat de volkeren van de Verenigde Naties in het Handvest hun vertrouwen in de fundamentele rechten van de

Estonian: Pidades silmas, et inimkonna kõigi liikmete väärikuse, nende võrdsuse ning võõrandamatute õiguste tunnustamine on vabaduse, õigluse ja üldise rahu alus; ja pidades silmas, et inimõiguste põlastamine ja hülgamine on viinud barbaarsusteni, mis piinavad inimkonna südametunnistust, ja et sellise maailma loomine, kus inimestel on veendumuste ja sõnavabadus ning kus nad ei tarvitse tunda hirmu ega puudust, on inimeste üllaks püüdluseks kuulutatud; ja pidades silmas vajadust, et inimõigusi kaitseks seaduse võim selleks, et inimene ei oleks sunnitud viimase abinõuna üles tõusma türannia ja rõhumise vastu; ja pidades silmas, et on vaja kaasa aidata sõbralike suhete arendamisele rahvaste vahel ja; pidades silmas,et ühinenud rahvaste perre kuuluvad rahavad on põhikirjas kinnitanud oma usku inimese põhiõigustesse, inimisiksuse väärikusse ja väärtusse ning meeste ja naiste võrdõiguslikkusesse ning on otsustanud kaasa aidata sotsiaalsele progressile ja elutingimuste parandamisele suurema vabaduse juures; ja pidades silmas,et liikmesriigid on kohustatud koostöös Ühinenud Rahvaste

Finnish: Kun ihmiskunnan kaikkien jäsenten luonnollisen arvon ja heidän yhtäläisten ja luovuttamattomien oikeuksiensa tunnustaminen on vapauden, oikeudenmukaisuuden ja rauhan perustana maailmassa, kun ihmisoikeuksia on väheksytty tai ne on jätetty huomiota vaille, on tapahtunut raakalaistekoja, jotka ovat järkyttäneet ihmiskunnan omaatuntoa, ja kun kansojen korkeimmaksi päämääräksi on julistettu sellaisen maailman luominen, missä ihmiset voivat vapaasti nauttia sanan ja uskon vapautta sekä elää vapaina pelosta ja puutteesta, kun on välttämätöntä, että ihmisoikeudet turvataan oikeusjärjestyksellä, jotta ihmisten ei olisi pakko viimeisenä keinona nousta kapinaan pakkovaltaa ja sortoa vastaan, kun on tähdellistä edistää ystävällisten suhteiden kehittymistä kansojen välille, kun Yhdistyneiden Kansakuntien kansat ovat peruskirjassa vahvistaneet uskonsa ihmisten perusoikeuksiin, ihmisyksilön arvoon ja merkitykseen sekä miesten ja naisten yhtäläisiin oikeuksiin ja kun ne ovat ilmaisseet vakaan tahtonsa edistää sosiaalista kehitystä ja parempien elämisen ehtojen aikaansaamista vapaammissa oloissa

French: Considérant que la reconnaissance de la dignité inhérente à tous les membres de la famille humaine et de leurs droits égaux et inaliénables constitue le fondement de la liberté, de la justice et de la paix dans le monde, considérant que la méconnaissance et le mépris des droits de l’homme ont conduit à des actes de barbarie qui révoltent la conscience de l’humanité et que l’avènement d’un monde où les êtres humains seront libres de parler et de croire, libérés de la terreur et de la misère, a été proclamé comme la plus haute aspiration de l’homme, considérant qu’il est essentiel que les droits de l’homme soient protégés par un régime de droit pour que l’homme ne soit pas contraint, en suprême recours, à la révolte contre la tyrannie et l’oppression, considérant qu’il est essentiel d’encourager le développement de relations amicales entre nations, considérant que dans la charte les peuples des Nations Unies ont proclamé à nouveau leur foi dans les droits fondamentaux de l’homme, dans la dignité et la valeur de la personne humaine, dans l’égalité des droits des hommes et des femmes, et qu’ils se sont déclarés résolus à favoriser le progrès social

German: Da die Anerkennung der angeborenen Würde und der gleichen und unveräußerlichen Rechte aller Mitglieder der Gemeinschaft der Menschen die Grundlage von Freiheit, Gerechtigkeit und Frieden in der Welt bildet, da die Nichtanerkennung und Verachtung der Menschenrechte zu Akten der Barbarei geführt haben, die das Gewissen der Menschheit mit Empörung erfüllen, und da verkündet worden ist, daß einer Welt, in der die Menschen Rede- und Glaubensfreiheit und Freiheit von Furcht und Not genießen, das höchste Streben des Menschen gilt, da es notwendig ist, die Menschenrechte durch die Herrschaft des Rechtes zu schützen, damit der Mensch nicht gezwungen wird, als letztes Mittel zum Aufstand gegen Tyrannei und Unterdrückung zu greifen, da es notwendig ist, die Entwicklung freundschaftlicher Beziehungen zwischen den Nationen zu fördern, da die Völker der Vereinten Nationen in der Charta ihren Glauben an die grundlegenden Menschenrechte, an die Würde und den Wert der menschlichen Person und an die Gleichberechtigung von Mann und Frau erneut bekräftigt und beschlossen haben, den sozialen

Hungarian: Tekintettel arra, hogy az emberiség családja minden egyes tagja méltóságának, valamint egyenlő és elidegeníthetetlen jogainak elismerése alkotja a szabadság, az igazság és a béke alapját a világon, tekintettel arra, hogy az emberi jogok el nem ismerése és semmibevevése az emberiség lelkiismeretét fellázító barbár cselekményekhez vezetett, és hogy az ember legfőbb vágya egy olyan világ eljövetele, amelyben az elnyomástól, valamint a nyomortól megszabadult emberi lények szava és meggyőződése szabad lesz, tekintettel annak fontosságára, hogy az emberi jogokat a jog uralma védelmezze, nehogy az ember végső szükségében a zsarnokság és az elnyomás elleni lázadásra kényszerüljön, tekintettel arra, hogy igen lényeges a nemzetek közötti baráti kapcsolatok kifejeződésének előmozdítása, tekintettel arra, hogy az Alapokmányban az Egyesült Nemzetek népei újból hitet tettek az alapvető emberi jogok, az emberi személyiség méltósága és értéke, a férfiak és nők egyenjogúsága mellett, valamint kinyilvánították azt az elhatározásukat, hogy elősegítik a szociális haladást és nagyobb szabadság mellett

Icelandic: Það ber að viðurkenna, að hver maður sé jafnborinn til virðingar og réttinda, er eigi verði af honum tekin, og er þetta undirstaða frelsis, réttlætis og friðar i heiminum. Hafi mannréttindi verið fyrir borð borin og lítilsvirt, hefur slíkt haft í för með sér siðlausar athafnir, er ofboðið hafa samvizku mannkynsins, enda hefur því verið yfir lýst, að æðsta markmið almennings um heim allan sé að skapa veröld, þar sem menn fái notið málfrelsis, trúfrelsis og óttaleysis um einkalíf afkomu. Mannréttindi á að vernda með lögum. Að öðrum kosti hljóta menn að grípa til þess örþrifaráðs að rísa upp gegn kúgun og ofbeldi. Það er mikilsvert að efla vinsamleg samskipti þjóða í milli. Í stofnskrá sinni hafa Sameinuðu þjóðdirnar lýst yfir trú sinni á grundvallaratriði mannréttinda, á göfgi og gildi mannsins og jafnrétti karla og kvernna, enda munu þær beita sér fyrir félagslegum framförum og betri lífsafkomu með auknu frelsi manna. Aðildarríkin hafa bundizt samtökum um að efla almenna virðingu fyrir og gæzlu hinna mikilsverðustu mannréttinda í samráði við Sameinuðu þjóðirnar. Til þess að slík samtök megi sem

Irish: De Bhrí gurb é aithint dínte dúchais agus chearta comhionanna do-shannta an uile dhuine den chine daonna is foras don tsaorise, don cheartas agus don tsíocháin sa domhan, de Bhrí gur thionscain a neamhaird agus an mí-mheas ar chearta an duine gníomhartha barbartha a chuir uafás ar choinsias an chine daonna, agus go bhfuil forógartha gurb é meanmarc is uaisle ag an gcoitiantacht saol a thabhairt i réim a bhéarfas don duine saoirse chainte agus chreidimh agus saoirse ó eagla agus ó amhgar, de Bhrí go ndearna pobail na Náisiúin Aontaithe sa Chairt dearbhú athuair ar a gcreideamh i gcearta bunúsacha an duine, i ndínit agus i bhfiúntas pearsan an duine agus i gcearta comhionanna fear agus bean, agus gur chinneadar tacú leis an ascnamh sóisalach agus réim maireachtana níos fearr a thabhairt i gcrích faoi shaoirse níos fairsinge, de Bhrí gur ghabhadar na Stát-Chomhaltaí faoi chuing ghealltanais go ndéanfaid, i gcomhar leis na Náisiúin Aontaithe, urraim uile-choiteann éifeachtach d’áirithiú do chearta agus do shaoirsí bunúsacha an duine. De Bhrí go bhfuil sé fíor-thábhachtach, chun an

Italian: Considerato che il riconoscimento della dignità inerente a tutti i membri della famiglia umana e dei loro diritti, uguali ed inalienabili, costituisce il fondamento della libertà, della giustizia e della pace nel mondo; considerato che il disconoscimento e il disprezzo dei diritti umani hanno portato ad atti di barbarie che offendono la coscienza dell’umanità, e che l’avvento di un mondo in cui gli esseri umani godano della libertà di parola e di credo e della libertà dal timore e dal bisogno è stato proclamato come la più alta aspirazione dell’uomo; considerato che è indispensabile che i diritti umani siano protetti da norme giuridiche, se si vuole evitare che l’uomo sia costretto a ricorrere, come ultima istanza, alla ribellione contro la tirannia e l’oppressione; considerato che è indispensabile promuovere lo sviluppo di rapporti amichevoli tra le Nazioni; considerato che i popoli delle Nazioni Unite hanno riaffermato nello Statuto la loro fede nei diritti umani fondamentali, nella dignità e nel valore della persona umana, nell’uguaglianza dei diritti dell’uomo e della donna, ed hanno deciso di promuovere il progresso sociale e un miglior tenore di vita in

Lithuanian: Kadangi visų žmonių giminės narių prigimtinio orumo ir lygių bei neatimamų teisių pripažinimas yra laisvės, teisingumo ir taikos pasaulyje pagrindas; kadangi žmogaus teisių nepaisymas ir niekinimas pastūmėjo vykdyti barbariškus aktus, kurie papiktino žmonijos sąžinę, ir didžiausiu paprastų žmonių siekiu buvo paskelbtas pasaulio, kuriame žmonės turi žodžio bei įsitikinimų laisvę ir yra išlaisvinti iš baimės ir skurdo, sukūrimas; kadangi būtina, kad žmogaus teises saugotų įstatymo galia, idant žmogus nebūtų priverstas, nerasdamas jokios kitos išeities, sukilti prieš tironiją ir priespaudą; kadangi būtina skatinti draugiškų tautų santykių plėtrą; kadangi Jungtinių Tautų Chartijoje tautos vėl patvirtino savo tikėjimą pagrindinėmis žmogaus teisėmis, žmogaus, kaip asmenybės, orumu ir vertybe, lygiomis moterų ir vyrų teisėmis ir pasiryžo skatinti socialinę pažangą bei geresnio gyvenimo didesnės laisvės sąlygomis siekį; kadangi valstybės narės yra įsipareigojusios bendradarbiaudamos su Jungtinėmis Tautomis siekti, kad būtų skatinama visuotinė pagarba žmogaus teisėms ir pagrindinėms laisvėms ir jų būtų paisoma; kadangi bendras šių teisių ir laisvių supratimas yra nepaprastai svarbus.

Norwegian: Da anerkjennelsen av menneskeverd og like og umistelige rettigheter for alle medlemmer av menneskeslekten er grunnlaget for frihet, rettferdighet og fred i verden, da tilsidesettelse av og forakt for menneskerettighetene har ført til barbariske handlinger som har rystet menneskehetens samvittighet, og da framveksten av en verden hvor menneskene har tale- og trosfrihet og frihet fra frykt og nød, er blitt kunngjort som folkenes høyeste mål, da det er nødvendig at menneskerettighetene blir beskyttet av loven for at menneskene ikke skal tvinges til som siste utvei å gjøre opprør mot tyranni og undertrykkelse, da det er viktig å fremme utviklingen av vennskapelige forhold mellom nasjonene, da De Forente Nasjoners folk i Pakten på ny har bekreftet sin tro på grunnleggende menneskerettigheter, på menneskeverd og på like rett for menn og kvinner og har besluttet å arbeide for sosialt framskritt og bedre levevilkår under større Frihet, da medlemsstatene har forpliktet seg til i samarbeid med De Forente Nasjoner å sikre at menneskerettighetene og de grunnleggende friheter blir alminnelig respektert og overholdt, da en allmenn

Polish: Zważywszy, że uznanie przyrodzonej godności oraz równych i niezbywalnych praw wszystkich członków wspólnoty ludzkiej jest podstawą wolności, sprawiedliwości i pokoju świata, zważywszy, że nieposzanowanie i nieprzestrzeganie praw człowieka doprowadziło do aktów barbarzyństwa, które wstrząsnęły sumieniem ludzkości, i że ogłoszono uroczyście jako najwznioślejszy cel ludzkości dążenie do zbudowania takiego świata, w którym ludzie korzystać będą z wolności słowa i przekonań oraz z wolności od strachu i nędzy, zważywszy, że konieczne jest zawarowanie praw człowieka przepisami prawa, aby nie musiał—doprowadzony do ostateczności—uciekać się do buntu przeciw tyranii i uciskowi, zważywszy, że konieczne jest popieranie rozwoju przyjaznych stosunków między narodami, zważywszy, że Narody Zjednoczone przywróciły swą wiarę w podstawowe prawa człowieka, godność i wartość jednostki oraz w równouprawnienie mężczyzn i kobiet, oraz wyraziły swe zdecydowanie popierania postępu społecznego i poprawy warunków życia w większej wolności, zważywszy, że Państwa Członkowskie

Portuguese: Considerando que o reconhecimento da dignidade inerente a todos os membros da família humana e dos seus direitos iguais e inalienáveis constitui o fundamento da liberdade, da justiça e da paz no mundo; considerando que o desconhecimento e o desprezo dos direitos do Homen conduziram a actos de barbárie que revoltam a consciência daHumanidade e que o advento de um mundo em que os seres humanos sejam livres de falar e de crer, libertos do terror e da miséria, foi proclamado como a mais alta inspiração do Homem; considerando que é essencial a proteção dos direitos do Homem através de um regime de direito, para que o Homem não seja compelido, em supremo recurso, à revolta contra a tirania e a opressão; considerando que é essencial encorajar o desenvolvimento de relações amistosas entre as nações; considerando que, na Carta, os povos das Nações Unidas proclamam, de novo, a sua fé nos direitos fundamentais do Homem, na dignidade e no valor da pessoa humana, na igualdade de direitos dos homens e das mulheres e se declaram resolvidos a favorecer o progresso social e a instaurar melhores condições

Romanian: Considerînd că recunoașterea demnității inerente tuturor membrilor familiei umane și a drepturilor lor egale și inalienabile constituie fundamentul libertății, dreptății și păcii în lume, considerînd că ignorarea și disprețuirea drepturilor omului au dus la acte de barbarie care revoltă conștiința omenirii și că făurirea unei lumi în care ființele umane se vor bucura de libertatea cuvîntului și a convingerilor și vor fi eliberate de teamă și mizerie a fost proclamată drept cea mai înaltă aspirație a oamenilor, considerînd că este esențial ca drepturile omului să fie ocrotite de autoritatea legii pentru ca omul să nu fie silit să recurgă, ca soluție extremă, la revoltă împotriva tiraniei și asupririi, considerînd că este esențial a se încuraja dezvoltarea relațiilor prietenești între națiuni, considerînd că în Cartă popoarele Organizației Națiunilor Unite au proclamat din nou credința lor în drepturile fundamentale ale omului, în demnitatea și în valoarea persoanei umane, drepturi egale pentru bărbați și femei și că au hotărît să favorizeze progresul social și îmbunătățirea condițiilor de viață în cadrul unei libertăți mai mari, considerînd că statele membre s-au

Slovakian: Vo vedomí že uznanie prirodzenej dôstojnosti a rovnych a neodcudzite ľných práv členov ľudskej rodiny je základom slobody, spravodlivosti a mieru na svete, že zneuznanie ľudských práv a pohrdanie nimi viedlo k barbarským činom, ktoré urážajú svedomie ľudstva, a že vybudovanie sveta, v ktorom ľudia, zbavení strachu a núdze, budú sa tešiť slobode prejavu a presvedčenia, bolo vyhlásené za najvyšší cieľ ľudu, že je nutné, aby sa ľudsk práva chránily zákonom, ak nemá byť človek donúteý uchýliť sa, keď všetko ostatné zlyhalo, k odboju proti tyranii a útlaku, že je nutné podporovať rozvoj priateľských vzťahov medzi národmi, že ľud Spojených národov zdoraznil v Charte znovu svoju vieru v základné ľudské práva, v dostojnosť a hodnotu ľudskej osobnosti, v rovnaké práva mužov a žien a že sa rozhodol podporovať sociálny pokrok a vytvoriť lepšie životné podmienky za vačšej slobody, že členské štáty prevzaly závazok zaistiť v spolupráci s Organizáciou Spojeých národov všeobecné uznávanie a zachovávanie ľudských práv a základýých slobod a že rovnaké chápanie týchto práv a slobod má nesmierny význam pre dokonalé

Spanish: Considerando que la libertad, la justicia y la paz en el mundo tienen por base el reconocimiento de la dignidad intrínseca y de los derechos iguales e inalienables de todos los miembros de la familia humana, Considerando que el desconocimiento y el menosprecio de los derechos humanos han originado actos de barbarie ultrajantes para la conciencia de la humanidad; y que se ha proclamado, como la aspiración más elevada del hombre, el advenimiento de un mundo en que los seres humanos, liberados del temor y de la miseria, disfruten de la libertad de palabra y de la libertad de creencias, Considerando esencial que los derechos humanos sean protegidos por un régimen de Derecho, a fin de que el hombre no se vea compelido al supremo recurso de la rebelión contra la tiranía y la opresión, Considerando también esencial promover el desarrollo de relaciones amistosas entre las naciones, Considerando que los pueblos de las Naciones Unidas han reafirmado en la Carta su fe en los derechos fundamentales del hombre, en la dignidad y el valor de la persona humana y en la igualdad de derechos de hombres y mujeres; y se han

Swedish: Enär erkännandet av det inneboende värdet hos alla medlemmar av människosläktet och av deras lika och oförytterliga rättigheter är grundvalen för frihet, rättvisa och fred i världen, enär ringaktning och förakt för de mänskliga rättigheterna lett till barbariska gärningar, som upprört mänsklighetens samvete, och enär skapandet av en värld, där människorna åtnjuta yttrandefrihet, trosfrihet samt frihet från fruktan och nöd, kungjorts som folkens högsta strävan, enär det är väsentligt för att icke människan skall tvingas att som en sista utväg tillgripa uppror mot tyranni och förtryck, att de mänskliga rättigheterna skyddas genom lagens överhöghet, enär det är väsentligt att främja utvecklandet av vänskapliga förbindelser mellan nationerna, enär Förenta Nationernas folk i stadgan ånyo uttryckt sin tro på de grundläggande mänskliga rättigheterna, den enskilda människans värdighet och värde samt männens och kvinnornas lika rättigheter, ävensom beslutat främja socialt framåtskridande och bättre levnadsvillkor under större frihet,

Turkish: İnsanlık ailesinin bütün üyelerinde bulunan haysiyetin ve bunların eşit ve devir kabul etmez haklarının tanınması hususunun, hürriyetin, adaletin ve dünya barışının temeli olmasına, ınsan haklarının tanınmaması ve hor görülmesinin insanlık vicdanını isyana sevkeden vahşiliklere sebep olmuş bulunmasına, dehşetten ve yoksulluktan kurtulmuş insanların, içinde söz ve inanma hürriyetlerine sahip olacakları bir dünyanın kurulması en yüksek amaçları oralak ilan edilmiş bulunmasına, ınsanin zulüm ve baskıya karşı son çare olarak ayaklanmaya mecbur kalmaması için insan haklarının bir hukuk rejimi ile korunmasının esaslı bir zaruret olmasına, uluslararasında dostça ilişkiler geliştirilmesini teşvik etmenin esaslı bir zaruret olmasına, birleşmiş Milletler halklarının, Antlaşmada, insanın ana haklarına, insan şahsının haysiyet ve değerine, erkek ve kadınların eşitliğine olan imanlarını bir kere daha ilan etmiş olmalarına ve sosyal ilerlemeyi kolaylaştırmaya, daha geniş bir hürriyet içerisinde daha iyi hayat şartları kurmaya karar verdiklerini beyan etmiş bulunmalarına, üye devletlerin, birleşmiş Milletler Teşkilatı ile işbirliği ederek insan

Welsh: Gan mai cydnabod urddas cynhenid a hawliau cydradd a phriod holl aelodau’r teulu dynol yw sylfaen rhyddid, cyfiawnder a heddwch yn y byd, gan i anwybyddu a dirmygu hawliau dynol arwain at weithredoedd barbaraidd a dreisiodd gydwybod dynolryw, a bod dyfodiad byd lle y gall pob unigolyn fwynhau rhyddid i siarad a chredu a rhyddid rhag ofn ac angau wedi ei gyhoeddi yn ddyhead uchaf y bobl gyffredin, gan fod yn rhaid amddiffyn hawliau dynol a rheolaeth cyfraith, os nad yw pob unigolyn dan orfod yn y pendraw i wrthryfela yn erbyn gormes a thrais, gan fod yn rhaid hyrwyddo cysylltiadau cyfeillgar rhwng Cenhedloedd, gan fod pobloedd y Cenhedloedd Unedig yn y Siarter wedi ail ddatgan ffydd mewn hawliau sylfaenol yr unigolyn, mewn urddas a gwerth y person dynol ac mewn hawliau cydradd gŵr a gwragedd, ac wedi penderfynu hyrwyddo cynnydd cymdeithasol a safonau byw gwell mewn rhyddid helaethach, gan fod y Gwladwriaethau sy’n Aelodau wedi ymrwymo, mewn cydweithrediad â’r Cenhedloedd Unedig, i sicrhau hyrwyddo parch cyffredinol i hawliau dynol a’r rhyddfreintiau sylfaenol,

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